Why is the production of greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes reduced in Moldova?


Why is the production of greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes reduced in Moldova?

04/14/2020

Production of greenhouse vegetables in the Republic of Moldova over the past decade has been reduced to several hundred hectares

In Moldova, producers of greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes are concerned about the unclear prospects for trade in this product in the second half of April – the first half of May. At the beginning of this month, the volume of production of most greenhouses in the country was relatively small, it diverged to supermarkets and markets, especially at the local level, with no residues. Although at a low price – up to 28 lei / kg, $ 1.55 / kg – that is, significantly lower than the expected price level. The reason is the same – the availability of an alternative, inexpensive imported goods. In May, the situation will worsen for domestic producers of greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes, as local producers of open ground vegetables will enter the domestic market.

Characteristically, managers of greenhouses that produce a traditional set of vegetables — cucumbers, tomatoes, radishes, herbs, and the emergency situation due to coronavirus are considered a catalyst, but not the root cause of the crisis. For many years, Moldavian manufacturers of the “greenhouse classics” have been losing to importers in the market struggle. The geography of supplies of greenhouse vegetables to the RM market is too vast – Turkey, Greece, Romania, Ukraine, the Russian Federation (Krasnodar Territory). Even if at some point in the marketing season in one or two of these exporting countries, for some reason, production-shipment of products fails, the freed up space in the Moldovan market will be quickly taken up by competitors – other exporters.

Read also: Moldova: in the first quarter of 2020, half of state subsidies were requested by producers of fruits and vegetables

Moreover, the timing of the sale of imported and domestic greenhouse vegetables on the Moldovan market is almost identical. In fact, for local farmers, the production of cucumbers, tomatoes and some other products was not so much a way to get a lot of money for early production, but rather a way to extend the sales season by two to three weeks. Now, in the conditions of a “monopoly of markets” due to the administrative exclusion of fruit and vegetable markets from the RM trade matrix, the advantage of a longer season for the sale of local vegetables by Moldovan farmers was, by and large, lost.

Over the past decade, the production of greenhouse vegetables in the Republic of Moldova has been reduced to several hundred hectares. Apparently, after this season, this process will accelerate. So, for example, several years ago, in the commercial company Selena-Bivol SRL (Costesti, Ialoveni), cucumbers in high-tech greenhouses were grown on an area of ​​up to 3.5 hectares, this year – only 1.5 hectares. The administration of the enterprise suggests that next year the production of greenhouse cucumbers will be curtailed. All greenhouses will be redesigned to produce table grapes.

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