Where are fruits and vegetables cheaper: in Tashkent or in Dushanbe?

Where are fruits and vegetables cheaper: in Tashkent or in Dushanbe?


Uzbekistan and Tajikistan have similar climatic conditions for the cultivation of fruits and vegetables and similar consumer preferences.

An audit of the fruit and vegetable departments of supermarkets in Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Moldova, Georgia and Tajikistan, conducted by the EastFruit team on June 30, 2020, is a very convenient tool for comparing retail prices for vegetables, berries, borsch set vegetables and greenhouse, as well as greens. This year, the audit was conducted in seven cities: two cities of Tajikistan (Dushanbe and Khujand), two cities of Ukraine (Kiev and the Dnieper), and the capitals of Moldova (Chisinau), Georgia (Tbilisi) and Uzbekistan (Tashkent).

Two countries – Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, have similar climatic conditions for the cultivation of fruits and vegetables and similar consumer preferences. Therefore, we decided to compare the price levels for different vegetables and fruits in the supermarkets of Dushanbe and Tashkent as of June 30, 2020. Of course, we understand that in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan the main volumes of fruits and berries are sold in the markets, however, we conduct an audit of modern trade formats, for which the future, and which will eventually become the center of the formation of consumer preferences and prices in Central Asia.

Dushanbe consumers paid much less for cherries than Tashkent consumers. The difference is more than one and a half times due to the end of the season for the sale of these stone fruits, when consumption volumes drop sharply and the price spread becomes larger. True, during the sweet cherry season, prices in Tajikistan were lower than in Uzbekistan, because Uzbekistan managed to export its products more successfully.

Peach and nectarine could also be bought cheaper in Dushanbe. The price difference was 11%. But watermelon in Dushanbe was on average 22% more expensive than in Tashkent. By the way, it was watermelon that was the cheapest product in the fruit category – on average, its retail price in Tashkent was 14 US cents per kg, and in Dushanbe – 18 US cents per kg.

Tashkent was also ahead of Dushanbe in terms of retail apple prices. Apple prices in Dushanbe supermarkets were 67% higher than the price level in Tashkent. But the berries were sold much cheaper in Tajikistan. Garden strawberries (strawberries) were sold here at 57% cheaper, and raspberries – at 68% cheaper. True, it was impossible to find exotic blueberries for the region in Dushanbe, and in Uzbekistan it was sold at a very high price, approaching $ 40 dollars per kg.

Borsch set vegetables were 2% cheaper in Dushanbe compared to Tashkent. True, the prices for potatoes, beets and cabbage in Dushanbe were higher than in Tashkent by 22%, 28% and 13%, respectively, but carrots here could be bought 38% cheaper than in Tashkent and onions – 36% cheaper. The cheapest product in this product category was cabbage, which was sold at 12 US cents in Tashkent and onions, which could be purchased at retail at 13 cents in Dushanbe. But potato prices reached 50 US cents in Dushanbe and 41 US cents in Tashkent.

Cucumbers and tomatoes were significantly cheaper in Uzbekistan compared to Tajikistan, because The greenhouse business and the cultivation of these vegetables in the open field in Uzbekistan are better developed. As a result, consumers in Dushanbe paid 50% more for tomatoes and 26% more for cucumbers. Prices for greens (dill and parsley) in Dushanbe were also on average 20% higher than in Tashkent.

The full results of the retail audit of fruit and vegetable departments of supermarkets in the quality of departments and services, quality of fruits and vegetables, assortment and prices are expected in the near future.


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