Uzbekistan is among the world leaders in fruit export – how to strengthen these positions?


Uzbekistan is among the world leaders in fruit export – how to strengthen these positions?

09/04/2020

Uzbekistan occupies the highest positions in the export of raisins (dried grapes) and dried apricots (dried apricots)

EastFruit analysts have repeatedly informed the world community about the huge prospects of the fruit and vegetable business in Uzbekistan. This week, Andrei Yarmak, the head of the FAO / EBRD regional fruit and vegetable business development project, FAO economist, made another contribution to the promotion of fruits and vegetables from this country, as well as attracting the attention of investors to this country, during the Fruitbox podcast (you can listen to the original podcast for this link in English). With his light hand, Uzbekistan has already begun to be compared with Chile.

EastFruit analysts decided to confirm these statements and comparisons with some facts.

So, Uzbekistan occupies the highest positions in the export of raisins (dried grapes) and dried apricots (dried apricots). In terms of both commodity positions, Uzbekistan ranks second in the world in terms of export volume, second only to Turkey. However, if we look at the value rating of exports, that is, the proceeds from the export of these products, then the situation here is much worse – Uzbekistan for raisins, for example, is immediately rolling back to sixth place in the world.

Therefore, in order to take a solid third place or even come out on top, Uzbekistan should seriously work on ensuring the quality, safety and image of its products on the world market. After all, now Uzbek raisins and Uzbek dried apricots are sold for export at very low prices. Adding value to these products would make their production even more profitable and attractive.

Besides dried fruits, Uzbekistan has a very good position in the export of stone fruits. However, as in the case of dried fruits, high ranking positions are provided only in terms of volume, and not in terms of export value. In particular, Uzbekistan is periodically included in the top three world leaders in the export of fresh apricots.

Uzbekistan is also the fifth largest export of fresh cherries in the world. At the same time, we have already written that real export volumes may turn out to be even higher. Read more in our little ghost fruit study.

The fifth position is occupied by Uzbekistan in terms of the export of persimmons. By the way, persimmon is a fast growing market and its popularity in many countries of the world has been steadily growing in recent years. However, in order to increase the volume of exports and increase its value, Uzbek gardeners should pay attention to new expensive persimmon varieties and methods of its refinement, packaging and marketing.

Peach, nectarine and plum are also important fruit export items in Uzbekistan. According to them, the country ranks eighth in the world. The progress of Uzbekistan in plum export in recent years has been especially noticeable.

Read also: Uzbekistan will allocate $ 87 million for the development of science and modern technologies in the agricultural sector

Uzbekistan is also one of the ten largest world exporters of walnut kernels and fresh grapes. However, even here, Uzbek products are distinguished by the highest price. Therefore, there is something to improve in terms of quality, varietal composition and product refinement in order to receive higher prices for products and expand the geography of exports.

For vegetables, the situation is worse, since Uzbekistan is far from the main sales markets, and vegetables are a relatively inexpensive but perishable product. Therefore, Uzbekistan ranks only 15th in the world for the export of fresh tomatoes. Further development of exports should be aimed at growing the most expensive items of vegetables in order to reduce the factor of high logistics costs.

Improving the quality and safety of products, a more modern set of varieties, improved approaches to storage, cooling, processing and packaging would allow Uzbekistan to solve one of the main problems – a high level of dependence on the supply of products to one country – the Russian Federation. Indeed, in the event of a ban on the supply of products to Russia, there are very few alternatives to this sales market, especially considering the volumes. This means that millions of people are at risk of losing their jobs. Therefore, diversification of exports of fruits and vegetables should be one of the main tasks for Uzbekistan today.

EastFruit

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