Uncertainty with export established in the fruit and vegetable market of Tajikistan – Bakhtier Abdukhokhidov


Uncertainty with export established in the fruit and vegetable market of Tajikistan – Bakhtier Abdukhokhidov

04/09/2020

Many Tajik producers are worried about fruit and vegetable pricing in Russia and Kazakhstan, as well as when the borders with these countries will open to resume trade.

Coronavirus pandemic sweeping the world, caused great harm the development of the produce business in Tajikistan, despite the fact that according to the World Health Organization (WHO), as of April 1, not a single case has been registered in this country COVID-19 and no quarantine restrictions were introduced here. This opinion was expressed UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) consultant International anti-crisis fruit and vegetable online conference on the impact of coronavirus and the global economic crisis on the global fruit and vegetable industry, as well as on the markets of vegetables, fruits, nuts and berries of Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Georgia, Moldova, Russia and Tajikistan.

“Field work continues. At the same time, some gardens have already bloomed, while in others the period of mass flowering is still ongoing. There are no quarantine restrictions for work in the country.

However, today in the fruit and vegetable market of Tajikistan there is uncertainty associated with export sales. In particular, many Tajik producers today are concerned about the issue of pricing for fruits and vegetables in Russia and Kazakhstan. Understanding that these countries have received a double blow – from socio-biological and economic crises, the most important question for Tajik producers of fruits and vegetables today is when will the borders with these countries open to resume trade? ”Said the FAO consultant.

At the same time, according to Bakhtier Abdukhokhidov, there is uncertainty in the domestic market of Tajikistan due to the devaluation of the national currency – somoni – against the US dollar by more than 10%.

“Because of this, imported fruit and vegetable products have risen in price by at least 20%, while local products have increased in price against the backdrop of excessive consumer demand. This is happening against the backdrop of a decline in the purchasing power of the population, which has made 3-month food supplies and most of them have already run out of money, ”said Bakhtier Abdukhokhidov.

The FAO consultant also noted that the scarce commodity position in the fruit and vegetable market of Tajikistan today is a local pistachio due to the fact that a crop failure of this crop was recorded in the country last year and today the local market depends on supplies from Turkey and Iran. Today, pistachio is sold in Tajikistan at a price of about $ 14 / kg, although in the same period last year it was about $ 9 / kg.

According to Bakhtiyer Abduvohidov, there are no other scarce positions in the fruit and vegetable market of Tajikistan.

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However, there are positions for which there has been a sharp increase in prices. The leader here is garlic. So, if last fall it was sold at a price of about $ 1 / kg, now its price is about $ 7 / kg.

Prices for local lemons also increased – from $ 1.5 / kg in April 2019 to $ 2.4 / kg. The price of onions over the past 1.5 months has more than doubled – from $ 0.18 to $ 0.36-0.38 / kg.

“Speaking about the cost of onions, it is worth noting that in the same period of 2019, the price, on the contrary, fell from $ 0.11 to $ 0.9 / kg. Thus, we see that the price of Tajik onions today is 4 times higher than last year.

Since February this year, the cost of potatoes has also increased 2.2 times in Tajikistan – from $ 0.18 to $ 0.40 / kg, although in the same period last year the price of this vegetable was about $ 0.15 / kg and tended to decrease.

The effect of coronavirus, as they say, on the face. If the borders continue to be closed, Tajikistan may experience a deficit this year in such fruit and vegetable market positions as potatoes, ginger, garlic, tangerines and pears. Today there is some uncertainty in the market, because further, perhaps, local agricultural producers will grow more garlic due to high prices. Sown areas under potatoes and onions have already been increased – in the case of potatoes in the country, this was done due to improved food security in the country, and onion crops increased due to the high demand for this crop last year, which is likely to continue in 2020. “, Said Bakhtier Abdukhuhidov.

Also in his speech during the conference, the FAO consultant predicted an increase in the production of stone fruits and grapes in the country due to the entry into the fruiting period of new orchards established in Tajikistan in recent years.

At the same time, he emphasized that the cost of production in national currency will be increased by almost all positions in the fruit and vegetable market due to the rise in price of fertilizers, fuels and lubricants (fuels and lubricants) and plant protection products. This is due to the closure of borders and the devaluation of somoni.

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