There will be fewer vegetables in Moldova due to the spread of pests and viral diseases


There will be fewer vegetables in Moldova due to the spread of pests and viral diseases

08/20/2020

This year, vegetables, potatoes and melons in Moldova occupy 69.2 thousand hectares, which is 7% more than in 2019

According to the heads of a significant number of vegetable-growing agricultural enterprises, this year, losses due to drought may be added to losses of production due to the spread of pests and viral diseases on many plantations.

Specialists of the Institute of Genetics, Physiology and Plant Protection of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine believe that a complex of factors provoked the problem. Relatively large-scale vegetable growing in the country is practiced only in the area of ​​operation of centralized irrigation systems, rehabilitated within the framework of the Compact donor program on the banks of the Dniester and Prut rivers, and this is about 3-4 thousand hectares annually. Another 15-20 thousand hectares of vegetable and potato plantations are irrigated from lakes and small rivers. Limited access to water sources for irrigation forces agrarians to grow vegetables on the same plots from year to year, while their ability to build a correct crop rotation is limited. This in principle increases the risk of spreading pathogens on vegetable plantations.

See also: Why are there no specialized fruit and vegetable stores in Moldova?

This year, due to drought, as well as agro-technological errors in certain regions of the country, vegetable plantations were attacked by insect pests, which also became a source of the spread of viral diseases. As a result, this, apparently, will lead to a decrease in the quantity and quality of the harvest of vegetables (tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, etc.), as well as to an increase in product losses during storage.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova, this year vegetables, potatoes and melons occupy 69.2 thousand hectares in the country, which is 7% more than in 2019. Including the area under potatoes increased to 22.9 thousand hectares (+ 27.3%), vegetables in open ground – up to 39.6 thousand hectares (+ 8.2%).

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