Opinion: In Moldova, new gardens should be planted strictly depending on the possibility of their irrigation


Opinion: In Moldova, new gardens should be planted strictly depending on the possibility of their irrigation

09/23/2020

This year, on irrigated fruit plantations, the decrease in yield due to drought rarely exceeded 10-15%, while in non-irrigated orchards it was not less than 25-30%

According to the observations of Anania Peshteanu, professor of the Department of Fruit Growing at the Agrarian University of the Republic of Moldova, this year on irrigated fruit plantations, the decrease in yield due to drought only rarely exceeded 10-15%, while in non-irrigated orchards it was not less than 25-30%. The quality of the fruits also suffered: if in years with average weather conditions the average weight of an apple was 150-170 grams, then this year it is about 130 grams. At the same time, in the last five to seven years, droughts have become more frequent, their intensity has increased. Based on this, it can be assumed that dry agricultural seasons will become the “new norm” in the near future.

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Consequently, as the expert believes, even now the establishment of new fruit plantations should always be correlated with the possibilities of their irrigation. Moreover, we are talking not only about water resources for drip irrigation, but also about water resources for fine irrigation. This year’s practice has shown that in conditions of extremely high air temperatures in gardens, finely dispersed humidification or even regular watering is sometimes necessary to improve the microclimate on the plantation.

In the past few years, about 2-3 thousand hectares of fruit plantations (including walnut crops) have been planted annually in Moldova. Not in all cases there are water sources near the gardens for intensive irrigation.

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