Moldavian peach: a lot for the domestic market, but not enough for export


Moldavian peach: a lot for the domestic market, but not enough for export

06/22/2020

The majority of early and mid-season peach crops in the Republic of Moldova ripen at the same time and retain their presentability for a short time.

In the second half of June, the price of locally produced peach is dynamically decreasing in Moldova. So, if in the second week of the month a peach of relatively high quality was offered in the domestic wholesale market at about 28-30 lei / kg ($ 1.6-1.72 / kg), then by the end of the third week the price fell to 18-22 lei / kg ($ 1.03-1.26 / kg). Expert forecasts for the last week of June – the first week of July are not comforting for farmers: as the weather improves, active ripening and mass harvesting of early and mid-ripening varieties, the price level for fruits will continue to decline.

This year, for peach producers in the Republic of Moldova, it was not easy from the very beginning. In March-April, due to frosts, peach orchards in some regions of Moldova lost about 70-80% of the future crop. On average in the country, losses at that moment amounted to at least 40-50%. In addition, due to the lack of agronomically significant rainfall in April and the first half of May (especially in the central and southern parts of Moldova, where stone fruit plantations are concentrated), peach fruits of early and mid-ripening varieties in many orchards “did not grow” to export size. As a result, there was a situation when, in the words of their leaders, “the output was too little for export, but too much for the domestic market” in agricultural enterprises.

See also: Cherry has risen in price only in the Russian Federation and Belarus, the rest stone fruit cheaper. Market overview for the 25th week of 2020.

It is worth noting that the main part of the peach crop of early and mid-ripening varieties (“Early Moldavian”, “Early Kiev”, etc.) in the Republic of Moldova ripens at the same time and remains representative for a short time. Fruits have delicate pulp and are poorly transported over long distances.

In the last one and a half to two decades, early-growing peach orchards in the south of Moldova have been laying small farms in the expectation of selling products on a single market – in resort areas of Odessa region of neighboring Ukraine. For about a decade, this business has flourished. However, five or six years ago, Ukraine introduced stringent tariff and non-tariff restrictions on the supply of peach from Moldova, especially individuals, small vehicles. As a result, since then, the export of Moldovan peach has fallen sharply and is still in a state of “organizational uncertainty”: small-scale deliveries to large exporting traders are not interesting, small farmers are not able to organize themselves and ensure the formation of large quantities of export-quality products. As a result, according to the National Food Safety Agency ANSA, in 2019 Moldova exported only about 1 thousand tons of peach to the Russian Federation, and this was mainly the production of late-ripening varieties.

This year, external deliveries of early peach are also not active. Moldovan exporters have a more profitable alternative: strawberries, raspberries, cherries and apricots (although recently, in conditions of limited demand from buyers, they begin to practice “assortment” deliveries – various types of fruits and berries in one batch).

As a result, the domestic “fresh” market in Moldova became the only channel for selling domestic peach of early varieties. Moreover, unlike other segments (cherries, cherries) of the fruit market, peach in June enjoyed relatively little support from processors. Peach of early varieties is not suitable for canneries in terms of technological level: the fruits are excessively juicy, contain few dry substances, the pulp is poorly separated from the bone. In the past few years, about 3-3.5 thousand tons of peach have been processed in the country. However, the bulk of the supply of this raw material to factories usually falls in July.

According to the 2011 General Agricultural Census, in Moldova the area of ​​orchards of peach and nectarines was 5.9 thousand hectares, including fruiting plantations – 3.4 thousand hectares. Due to the reduction in solvent demand for these products, according to expert estimates, to date, the area of ​​peach orchards in the country has more than halved.

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