In China, production of sweet cherries will increase, while peaches will decrease

In China, production of sweet cherries will increase, while peaches will decrease


The locally produced peach season in China lasts from April to October

Chinese peach and nectarine production will decline to 14.5 million tonnes in 2020/2021. This will happen due to heavy snowfall at the beginning of the growing season. Local cherry production is expected to continue to grow, according to the USDA PRC stone fruit report. As a result of new landings, it should be 450 thousand tons. EastFruit writes about this with reference to Freshplaza.

Peaches and nectarines

The harvest of Chinese peach and nectarine for the 2020/2021 sales season (January – December) is estimated at 14.5 million tonnes. This is 3% less than last year. Weather conditions are the main factor contributing to this decline. In April, heavy snowfalls hit Shandong, Hebei and Jiangsu.

This sharp drop in temperature negatively affected the fruit of the peaches and nectarines. In the spring, gardens in Shandong province were hit by hail, which damaged peach flowers. Despite these problems, high quality fruit is expected. This is said by peach farmers in Shandong.

In recent years, local peaches and nectarines have generally been less tasty. This is due to the increased use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The coronavirus outbreak doesn’t appear to have had much of an impact on peach production.

In 2020/2021, the planting area of ​​peaches and nectarines is estimated at 855,000 hectares. This is slightly lower than a year earlier. A gradual decrease in area is expected, which is associated with a decrease in market yield.

The local peach season lasts from April to October, including greenhouse-grown peaches and nectarines. But more than 70% of these products enter the market from June to August.

Deliveries are expected to decline in 2020/21. However, in June prices for peach and nectarine fell by 30%. This was the result of a decrease in demand, which in turn was caused by the coronavirus pandemic.

Sweet cherry

The estimated production of Chinese cherries in 2020/2021 (April – March) will be 450,000 tons. This is 7% more than last year. This increase is mainly due to the emergence of new fruit trees. Heavy snowfalls in April also affected the development of sweet cherries.

But a large number of new landings more than compensated for the losses associated with weather conditions. Fruit quality remains good in most cherry growing areas. This is reported by the Chinese media. The COVID-19 outbreak also appears to have had a limited impact on its production.

Cherry areas in 2020/2021 are estimated at 153,000 hectares. This is 2% more than in the previous year. The cherry tree planting area continues to increase. However, the pace that was several years ago has slowed down. Shandong, Shaanxi and Liaoning are the three largest cherry provinces.

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In addition, farmers in other provinces are also actively expanding their cherry orchards.

The usual varieties are grown on most plantations. Among them is Beauty Early (Bing). This variety is known for its large size, sweet taste and firm flesh. Red Lanterns such as Brooks are still the most farmed varieties. However, their share is decreasing. Samito, Pioneer, (Yellow) Jiahong, Lapin and Russia are other popular varieties.

Most cherry growers have small orchards. But there are private companies that are optimistic about the cherry market. They started investing in cherry production, especially greenhouse cultivation. These enterprises focus on the market for expensive products.

Investors are planning to create gardens under glass canopies or outdoors throughout China. Then it will be possible to supply sweet cherries to the domestic market for a longer period of time. The Chinese cherry season (including the greenhouse) begins in early March and lasts until the end of July.


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