Import and first local Alucha simultaneously appeared on the Georgian market


Import and first local Alucha simultaneously appeared on the Georgian market

05/04/2020

In recent years, Georgian nurseries offer farmers seedlings of both Georgian and foreign varieties of aluchi

It has been several days in the Georgian market before the sale of Alucha. Moreover, almost simultaneously both imported and first local – the main season of early varieties of aluchi in Georgia will begin in about two weeks.

Alucha (Prunus Vachuschtii) belongs to the genus “plum”, the fruit most often is green or yellow-green with a prominent longitudinal groove in the middle. The shape of the fruit is round or oblong, in diameter it can reach 5 cm. On the taste of alucha, it is sweet and sour, and the flesh is juicy and crisp at the same time.

It is now possible to distinguish between imported and local scarlet on the Georgian market in appearance: imported – larger, ripe, local – smaller and less ripe. Accordingly, the first is relatively sweeter, the second is more acidic.

The demand for cherry plum today is high, the prices for it are significantly higher than those that are in season. And the choice of consumers is determined mainly by their taste preferences – the difference in the cost of imported and local bread in each of the retail segments is relatively small.

See also: Tkemali production is declining in Georgia. Why are tkemali not a whirlpool?

The lowest prices for alucha are in the agricultural markets, which recently resumed their work. In particular, in the Tbilisi agricultural markets, the cost of local bread (delivered from the Kakheti region) today is 8-9 lari ($ 2.5– $ 2.8) per kg, and imported (imported from Turkey) – 8.5-10 lari ($ 2.7 – $ 3.1) per kg.

In those supermarket chains where alucha is already represented, its prices are slightly higher. So in the Fresco network, where only imported scarlet is currently sold, it costs 13 GEL ($ 4.1) per 1 kg, for about the same price – 12.95 GEL ($ 4.1) per kg in the Karfur network »You can buy Georgian scarlet.

The highest prices for alucha are in online agricultural products stores, which became quite popular among the population during the period when agricultural markets did not work, and which also offer a delivery service. So, in the online store soplidan.ge 1 kg of Georgian bread can be ordered for 19.5 GEL ($ 6.1) per 1 kg, in agrimarket.ge both Georgian and imported bread are sold at the same price – 35.6 GEL ($ 11 , 2) per 1 kg.

Farmers and distributors refrain from predicting what will be the price of alucha in high season. In the summer of 2019, the minimum price on agricultural markets for good quality vegetables was about 3 lari ($ 0.9), for the perfect one – 5 lari ($ 0.9) per kg.

According to the ripening dates, aluca is divided into early, mid-early, middle and late varieties.

The beginning of the main season of early varieties of aluchi in Georgia is expected in mid-May. First, alucha, as a rule, keeps pace in the Lagodekhi region of the Kakheti region and in the Imereti region, then gradually its collection begins in other places. Aluchi season in Georgia usually lasts through the first half of July.

Alucha is a table plum, and in Georgia it is consumed mainly fresh. But it also makes sauces, dried fruits, pastils, fruit drinks and preserves. According to open sources, aluche contains up to 13% sugar, 5% organic acids, 1.5% pectins, anthocyanins, vitamins of groups B, P and E. In folk medicine, aluca is used to reduce prothrombin, treat constipation, etc. , Aluchi juice is taken in the treatment of vitamin deficiency.

Alucha (Prunus Vachuschtii) is consonant in name with “cherry plum” (Prunus Cerasifera or Prunus divaricata Ldb), which is sometimes also called cherry plum, but this is another subspecies of plum.
Wild Cherry plum is quite widespread in the Caucasus and Asia Minor. Three subgroups are distinguished from various types of aluchi – typical alucha (wild Caucasian), eastern alucha and large-fruited alucha.

According to the information given in the book “The Way to Farming”, published on the initiative of the Georgian Association of Farmers, Alucha is a profitable fruit crop that is not inferior in yield to plums, peaches and apples. Aluchi trees of Georgian, Armenian and Iranian varieties bear fruit for 35-45 years, the “first sign” appears already in the 2-3rd year after planting, fruiting begins in the 3-4th year. Operation of the gardens for commercial purposes is recommended for 20-25 years.

Of the Georgian varieties of Aluchi, the best are Dashshiteli, Gazapkhulis Mertskhali, Guldedava and Imerali, bred by the Kutaisi Experimental Breeding Station. However, not all of them are suitable for commercial production, where large fruits are valued (weighing at least 25-30 grams). Especially large fruits are hybrid varieties of cherry plum “Likhni”, “Samkhretis lamazmani”, “Mechibuhe”, “Gogja” and others. For intensive production, such varieties as “Ashtarais No. 1”, “Isfahan Karmir” and “Granite” are the best.

It should be noted that in recent years, Georgian nurseries have been offering farmers seedlings of both Georgian and foreign varieties of aluchi.

There are no separate statistics on the production of bread in Georgia. According to the National Statistics Service, in the last 5 years, the level of production of tkemali and aluchi was as follows: in 2015 – 10.9 thousand tons, in 2016 – 9.5 thousand, in 2017 – 7.8 thousand tons, in 2018 – 10 , 9 thousand tons, in 2019 – 7.2 thousand tons. Export of aluchi, like tkemali, is also not highlighted in a separate line.

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