Georgian nectarine: high yield and expansion of export geography


Georgian nectarine: high yield and expansion of export geography

08/14/2020

As of August 11 this year, over 19,400 tons of peaches and nectarines were exported from Georgia

2020 has delighted Georgian gardeners with a rich harvest of peaches and their varieties – nectarines. The nectarine harvest season is coming to an end in Georgia. As Lasha Shalamberidze, Head of the Department for Cooperation with Regions of the Agency for Rural Development and Agriculture of Georgia, emphasized in an interview with EastFruit, this year has turned out to be a special one for peaches and nectarines: “As of August 11 of this year, more than 19,400 tons of peaches and nectarines were exported , while in the same period last year this figure was 11,200 tons. This means that for this period the country has exported 8,000 tons more. Prices this year are also higher than last year: peaches from 0.80 tetri to 1.0 lari, nectarines from 1.0 to 1.50 lari. Moreover, our gardeners have a joyful event. This year, for the first time, these Georgian fruits will be presented on the European market in Poland. “

It should be noted that, as in the case of table and technical grapes, peaches and nectarines in different structures are counted together.

Basically, nectarine is grown in the Kakheti region (Eastern Georgia), and the largest areas under this crop are in the Gurjaani municipality. The owner of an exemplary nectarine garden with an area of ​​10 hectares in the village of Gurjaani, Mikhail Gogiashvili, an agronomist by profession, told how much effort and labor should be invested in caring for the garden (and not only) in order for the farmer to receive income. Mikhail is a pedantic gardener and therefore he starts collecting nectarine at 5 o’clock in the morning. In his garden, harvesting begins in mid-June and continues until mid-August. “For comparison, imagine that the grapes are harvested at the same time,” Gogiashvili notes. All this time, from 30 to 40 workers are engaged in the collection of nectarines, 1 hour of work of which costs 5 GEL. Various varieties of nectarines are planted in his garden, but 2 prevail – an early, red variety, which Mikhail calls “Italian”, and a late, so-called yellow nectarine, which is harvested in August.

“A nectarine garden requires special care and pace, which is best not to be thrown away. Since any delay can affect the quality and volume of the crop. Mandatory processing and spraying of the garden – at least 10 times per season, is the key to a good environmentally friendly harvest, well, if you do not take into account natural disasters ”. Mikhail pays great attention to environmentally friendly production and therefore is sure that “delicate care and taking into account the smallest nuances will give their result.”

According to the manufacturer, Georgian nectarine is in demand outside Georgia, firstly, due to its early ripening, since it enters the market much earlier, and secondly, Georgian fruit tastes better than the nectarines of other countries and therefore always has its own buyer.

Read also: Georgian company exported peaches and nectarines to EU countries for the first time

In an interview with EastFruit, Ekaterina Zviadadze, Head of the Policy and Analytics Department of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture of Georgia, noted: “There is always a demand for Georgian fruits, and nectarine was exported even during the embargo. Exports of peaches and nectarine are increasing, but since this is a perishable product, producers do not risk exporting it over long distances. Until recently, nectarine was exported to neighboring countries – Azerbaijan, Armenia, Russia, Ukraine, but, as you can see, the list of buyers is expanding, and special refrigeration systems are used to deliver goods ”.

Although the number of refrigeration farms is gradually increasing in Georgia, which makes it easier for gardeners to sell their fruits. As Mikhail Gogiashvili hopes, the number of fruit-processing industries may also increase. In the meantime, the gardener sells his products, mainly from the garden, from 0.80 tetri to 1.50 lari, depending on the caliber, and supplies them to refrigeration facilities, from where suppliers buy up products.

To preserve the harvest, 22 refrigeration farms are involved in the sale, especially since the shelf life of nectarine is longer than that of peaches.

EastFruit

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