FAO-GEF Project: Innovative Approaches to Restoring Soil Fertility in Central Asia

FAO-GEF Project: Innovative Approaches to Restoring Soil Fertility in Central Asia


40 to 60% of irrigated land in Central Asia is saline or waterlogged

Nearly 60% of the population of Central Asia depends on agriculture for food and income, and soil fertility guarantees food security and well-being for the entire population of the region.

Meanwhile, from 40 to 60% of irrigated land in Central Asia is saline or waterlogged. The most affected soils are in Turkmenistan (68% of the total area), Uzbekistan (51%), Kazakhstan (20%) and Turkey (30%).

According to rough estimates, the area of ​​saline soils in Kazakhstan is more than 110 million hectares, or 41% of the entire territory of the country. In the Kyzylorda region alone, which suffers from the consequences of the drying up of the Aral Sea, more than 73 thousand hectares of irrigated land are subject to severe salinization.

Most of the areas of irrigated land in Central Asia require radical improvement, and the use of modern approaches to agricultural production and the return of abandoned territories to agricultural circulation is one of the topical issues on the agenda of agricultural sectors in the region, writes Dknews.kz.

Within the framework of the FAO and GEF project “Integrated Natural Resource Management in Drought and Salinization-Prone Areas of Central Asia and Turkey” (CACILM2), interactive trainings on mapping saline soils and applying innovative approaches and biotechnologies to restore soil fertility have been ongoing in Central Asia for a month …

“In order to effectively manage the soil, you need to have information about it,” emphasized Konstantin Vyatkin, International Soil Information Consultant, FAO Global Soil Partnership, who conducted one of the trainings for Central Asian specialists from Rome.

Read also: FAO-GEF project registered in Turkmenistan

The new format of trainings and dissemination of successful experience attracts not only project partners from metropolitan research institutes and private centers, ministries and subordinate institutions to participate in webinars, but also partners interested in the latest technologies on the ground in all countries of the region.

“During these interactive workshops, soil scientists master modern methods of modeling and mapping various soil properties, in particular salinity, and the practitioners received an impetus to use successful agricultural practices in the process of restoring the fertility of saline soils in Central Asia,” said Mahmud Shaumarov, Regional Coordinator of the CACILM project2.


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