Gardeners in Uzbekistan expect apple crop loss due to spring frosts at 15-20% – Shukhrat Abrorov

Gardeners in Uzbekistan expect apple crop loss due to spring frosts at 15-20% – Shukhrat Abrorov


At the same time, the apple orchards of the Ferghana Valley suffered minor damage from weather disasters, which gives hope for a good harvest from this region.

The apple business of Uzbekistan has a good future and the apple will remain one of the most sought-after fruits in the country. Such an opinion was expressed by the director of Fruit House Organics, an expert in intensive gardening, Shukhrat Abrorov (Uzbekistan), during the First international apple online conference of the EastFruit project “Apple predictions”, which was held May 20 with the support of FAO and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) , agro-media agency Sapienza, Ukrainian Fruit and Vegetable Association (UPOA), the international analytical project Fruit-Inform and the Federation of Agricultural Producers of Moldova FARM.

“The apple is the most grown and consumed fruit in Uzbekistan. It is grown in orchards with a total area of ​​more than 100 thousand hectares located throughout Uzbekistan. About 15 thousand hectares of them are intensive orchards. An average of 1.2 million is produced annually in Uzbekistan tons of apples, “said Shukhrat Abrorov.

He noted that today in the country there are enough refrigerators for storing apples of a new crop for the period until June next year.

According to Shukhrat Abrorov, today in Uzbekistan there is already a fresh apple of a new crop from the southern regions of the country. The cost of selling such an apple in the country’s supermarkets is $ 1 / kg.

“The main traditionally grown apples in intensive orchards in Uzbekistan are such varieties as Golden Delishes, Simirenko, Starkrimson, Granny Smith and Gala. We started intensive gardening in 2009 and then imported various new varieties for which there is increased consumer demand, “said the director of Fruit House Organics.

He also emphasized that in order to understand how apple prices are changing in Uzbekistan, it is necessary to understand how productivity in orchards is changing.

“In 2019, the apple harvest in the country was low, which accordingly led to an increase in the price of an apple. If we compare the years with high and low yields, the price difference sometimes reached two times.

For apples of the first class, prices can be 60-80 cents on condition of a high yield. In years of low harvest, prices can fluctuate between $ 1.2-1.6 / kg for a first-class apple. Prices for other classes of apples also double in price in the case of low yields, “said Shukhrat Abrorov, noting that due to the low yields of apples last year, Uzbekistan exported a small amount of apples of medium and late varieties.

At the same time, speaking about the export of apples, he noted that its average annual volume for Uzbekistan is about 15 thousand tons – mainly early varieties are sold to foreign markets. “If the export prices for the apple of Uzbekistan are below $ 0.8-1 / kg, then exporting them is usually unprofitable,” said Shukhrat Abrorov.

“As a result of high prices in 2019, we imported an apple from Iran and China. Thus, the Iranian Golden Delishes in the wholesale markets cost $ 1.2 / kg,” said the speaker of the Apple Predictions conference.

Speaking about the prospects for the future apple harvest, Shukhrat Abrorov noted that the new season for apple and stone orchards in Uzbekistan began with spring frosts – on April 10, during the flowering of orchards, snow fell in many apple producing regions at sub-zero temperatures.

“For this reason, based on official data, we expect an apple yield loss of 15-20%.

At the same time, the apple orchards of the Ferghana Valley suffered minor damage from spring frosts. This gives hope for a good apple crop from this region, “predicted a player in the Uzbek fruit and vegetable market.


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